Women, Girls, and HIV
Photograph contributed by Aaron Clamage Photography
We cannot put an end to HIV without prioritizing women. Women now account for more than half of the world’s population living with HIV, and HIV/AIDS is one of the leading causes of death for women of reproductive age (15-44). Women must be at the center of U.S. global HIV policies and programs if the U.S. government intends to sincerely address the HIV epidemic.
Prioritizing women means that HIV policies and programs are based on women’s health needs and human rights, unfettered by political agendas. HIV interventions must integrate family planning and other reproductive health services, without exception—family planning and HIV are intrinsically linked. HIV prevention strategies must promote tools women can use to protect themselves, such as female condoms. All women must have access to the tools and services necessary to protect themselves from HIV infection and plan their families.
It also requires that global HIV interventions are grounded in women’s rights. The HIV pandemic is dependent on the systemic human right violations, such as gender inequality and violence against women, that render women at a disproportionate risk of infection. To end HIV, U.S. global health policy has to address the things that are bigger than HIV. To end HIV, it has to start with women.
A Woman-centered Approach to the U.S. Global Health Initiative
The U.S. Global Health Initiative and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights: Integration
Ribbons Without Rights Don't Save Lives
Global Female Condom Day is September 16th! You can help advocate for greater access to female condoms by pledging to take action as part of a movement of women and allies around the world who are taking control of their sexual and reproductive health and rights. Click the link below to sign the pledge!Take Action
Source60,000 - The number of maternal deaths attributed to HIV in 2008.
Source52% - Women make up approximately 52% of the total global population living with HIV.
Source8 - In sub-Saharan Africa, women 15-24 years old are 8 times more likely than men to be HIV positive.
Source$15 billion - Launched in 2003 by President George W. Bush, PEPFAR pledged $15 billion over 5 years to combat global HIV/AIDS.
Source$48 billion - PEPFAR was reauthorized on July 30, 2008 and authorized $48 billion through fiscal year 2013.
Source7,400 - Globally, there are 7,400 new HIV infections every day.
Source340 million - Each year there are 340 million new cases of curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Source33.3 million - Worldwide there are approximately 33.3 million people living with HIV.
Source#1 - Globally, HIV is the leading cause of death and disease in women of reproductive age.
Source15.9 million - Of the 33.3 million adults living with HIV in 2009, 15.9 million were women.
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Anti-Prostitution Loyalty Oath (APLO)
The anti-prostitution loyalty oath (APLO) is a provision in the U.S. Leadership Act of 2003 (the Act) which requires all recipients of the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) funding to “have a policy explicitly opposing prostitution.”Download this PDF
File Under: Fact Sheets
What Does Female Condom Advocacy Look Like?
In 2006, CHANGE launched the Prevention Now! Campaign, a global initiative to increase access to woman-initiated prevention methods, especially female condoms, to stem the spread of HIV and reduce unintended pregnancies. Since then, the campaign has successfully increased US political, programmatic, and financial support for female condom procurement and programming. CHANGE commissioned the Iris Group to conduct qualitative research to gather donors’ and female condom advocates’ perspectives on what effective female condom advocacy looks like, and how CHANGE has supported such advocacy through its Prevention Now! Campaign.Download this PDF
File Under: Research Documents
Mainstreaming Female Condom Uptake: The U.S. Government’s Current and Potential Global Role
As a committed partner in the Life-Saving Commodities Commission and major procurer of female condoms for global distribution, the U.S. has a vested interest in making sure female condoms find widespread success. However, inadequate attention to investment in female condom programming creates a barrier to success.Download this PDF
File Under: Policy Briefs
Creating a Prevention Agenda for Women
The Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE) and AVAC convened an initial strategy think tank in May 2013 with 30 global stakeholders working on women’s sexual and reproductive health to chart a course forward in developing and advancing a prevention agenda for women as a key part of a broader sexual and reproductive health and rights agenda. Building on recent gains in policy and political will, the meeting participants identified a number of critical needs and opportunities for action in the coming 24 months.Download this PDF
File Under: Policy Briefs
U.S. Global HIV Policy: Combination Prevention
This paper outlines why the U.S. must support a true combination prevention strategy, one that scales up proven biomedical tools, integrates sexual and reproductive health services into HIV prevention, and addresses social barriers to HIV prevention.Download this PDF
File Under: Policy Briefs
Ficha técnica: ¿Qué tiene que ver la planificación familiar con el VIH? Todo.
La planificación familiar voluntaria es un componente indispensable de la prevención y el tratamiento del VIH.Cargar PDF
File Under: Fact Sheets
Women, Girls, and HIV Topics
Visualize the numbers
HIV prevention and treatment is intrinsically linked to sexual and reproductive health. However, PEPFAR programming addresses these critical health issues in isolation.
The female condom is currently the only available HIV-prevention and family-planning method that women can initiate themselves. Yet, globally, female condoms continue to be underfunded and underused because of cost, stigma, and a lack of political will.